Manuka Market in Japan
In value terms, manuka production rose modestly to $ in estimated in export price. Overall, production, however, showed a buoyant expansion. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2008 with an increase of % against the previous year. Manuka production peaked at $ in 2017; however, from 2018 to , production remained at a lower figure.
The value of the manuka market in Japan dropped slightly to $ in , which is down by -% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers' margins, which will be included in the final consumer price). Overall, the total consumption indicated buoyant growth from 2007 to : its value increased at an average annual rate of +% over the last fourteen years. The trend pattern, however, indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period. Based on figures, consumption increased by +% against 2016 indices. Manuka consumption peaked at $ in , and then declined slightly in the following year.