Global Garlic Market Overview
In value terms, garlic production stood at $26.8B in 2010 estimated in export prices. Over the period under review, garlic production continues to indicate outstanding growth. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2010 with an increase of 57% against the previous year. In that year, global garlic production attained its peak level and is likely to continue its growth in the immediate term.
China (18M tonnes) constituted the country with the largest volume of garlic production, comprising approx. 82% of total production. Moreover, garlic production in China exceeded the figures recorded by the world's second-largest producer, India (834K tonnes), more than tenfold.
In China, garlic production increased at an average annual rate of +4.9% over the period from 2007-2010. The remaining producing countries recorded the following average annual rates of production growth: India (+2.4% per year) and Indonesia (-10.8% per year).
In 2010, the global average garlic yield amounted to 17 tonne per ha, remaining constant against the previous year. The yield figure increased at an average annual rate of +3.1% from 2007 to 2010; the trend pattern remained consistent, with only minor fluctuations being recorded in certain years. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2008 when yield increased by 5.2% y-o-y. Over the period under review, the average garlic yield attained its peak figure level in 2010 and is likely to see steady growth in the near future. Despite the increased use of modern agricultural techniques and methods, future yield figures may still be impacted by adverse weather conditions.
Global garlic harvested area stood at 1.3M ha in 2010, leveling off at the previous year. In general, the garlic harvested area continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2008 when harvested area increased by 7.9% y-o-y. In that year, the global garlic harvested area attained its peak level of 1.4M ha. From 2009 to 2010, the growth of the global garlic harvested area failed to regain its momentum.
The global garlic market revenue amounted to $26.5B in 2010, going up by 32% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers' margins, which will be included in the final consumer price). Over the period under review, the total market indicated a resilient increase from 2007 to 2010: its value increased at an average annual rate of +4.3% over the last three-year period. The trend pattern, however, indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period. Based on 2010 figures, garlic consumption increased by +49.9% against 2008 indices. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2010 when the market value increased by 32% year-to-year. In that year, the global garlic market attained its peak level and is likely to continue its growth in the immediate term.
From 2007 to 2010, the average annual growth rate of volume in China amounted to +5.9%. The remaining consuming countries recorded the following average annual rates of consumption growth: India (+2.3% per year) and Indonesia (-0.2% per year).
In value terms, China ($19B) led the market, alone. The second position in the ranking was occupied by India ($540M).
From 2007 to 2010, the average annual rate of growth in terms of value in China stood at +19.6%. The remaining consuming countries recorded the following average annual rates of market growth: India (+11.0% per year) and Indonesia (+2.6% per year).
In China, garlic per capita consumption increased at an average annual rate of +5.3% over the period from 2007-2010. In the other countries, the average annual rates were as follows: Indonesia (-1.5% per year) and India (+0.9% per year).