Leek Market Overview in Asia
In value terms, leek production fell rapidly to $ in 2019 estimated in export prices. Overall, production posted a perceptible expansion. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2014 with an increase of % year-to-year. As a result, production attained the peak level of $. From 2015 to 2019, production growth failed to regain the momentum.
The countries with the highest volumes of leek production in 2019 were Indonesia ( tonnes), China ( tonnes) and Turkey ( tonnes), with a combined % share of total production. South Korea, Kazakhstan, Sri Lanka and Taiwan, Chinese lagged somewhat behind, together accounting for a further %.
From 2007 to 2019, the biggest increases were in Kazakhstan, while leek production for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.
The average leek yield totaled tonnes per ha in 2019, increasing by % compared with the previous year's figure. Over the period under review, the yield, however, continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2018 when the yield increased by % against the previous year. Over the period under review, the leek yield hit record highs at tonnes per ha in 2015; however, from 2016 to 2019, the yield failed to regain the momentum. Despite the increased use of modern agricultural techniques and methods, future yield figures may still be impacted by adverse weather conditions.
The leek harvested area fell to ha in 2019, with a decrease of -% compared with the previous year. The harvested area increased at an average annual rate of +% from 2007 to 2019; the trend pattern remained relatively stable, with only minor fluctuations being observed in certain years. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2008 with an increase of % y-o-y. The level of harvested area peaked at ha in 2018, and then shrank in the following year.
The value of the leek market in Asia dropped to $ in 2019, falling by -% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers' margins, which will be included in the final consumer price). The total consumption indicated a perceptible increase from 2007 to 2019: its value increased at an average annual rate of +% over the last twelve years. The trend pattern, however, indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2014 with an increase of % against the previous year. The level of consumption peaked at $ in 2018, and then dropped in the following year.
From 2007 to 2019, the average annual growth rate of volume in Indonesia amounted to +%. In the other countries, the average annual rates were as follows: China (+% per year) and Turkey (-% per year).
In value terms, the largest leek markets in Asia were South Korea ($), Indonesia ($) and China ($), together accounting for % of the total market. These countries were followed by Turkey, Japan, Sri Lanka and Kazakhstan, which together accounted for a further %.
Among the main consuming countries, Kazakhstan saw the highest growth rate of market size, over the period under review, while leek market for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.
The countries with the highest levels of leek per capita consumption in 2019 were Kazakhstan ( kg per person), South Korea ( kg per person) and Turkey ( kg per person).
From 2007 to 2019, the most notable rate of growth in terms of leek per capita consumption, amongst the main consuming countries, was attained by Kazakhstan, while leek per capita consumption for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.