Grapefruit Market in the European Union
In value terms, grapefruit production reduced slightly to $ in estimated in export price. The total production indicated measured growth from 2007 to : its value increased at an average annual rate of +% over the last fourteen years. The trend pattern, however, indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period. Based on figures, production increased by +% against 2019 indices. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2017 when the production volume increased by %. The level of production peaked at $ in , and then dropped in the following year.
Spain ( tonnes) constituted the country with the largest volume of grapefruit production, comprising approx. % of total volume. Moreover, grapefruit production in Spain exceeded the figures recorded by the second-largest producer, Cyprus ( tonnes), fivefold. The third position in this ranking was occupied by France ( tonnes), with a % share.
In Spain, grapefruit production expanded at an average annual rate of +% over the period from 2007-. In the other countries, the average annual rates were as follows: Cyprus (-% per year) and France (+% per year).
The average grapefruit yield fell slightly to tonnes per ha in , with a decrease of -% on the year before. Over the period under review, the yield showed a mild reduction. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2010 with an increase of % against the previous year. Over the period under review, the grapefruit yield hit record highs at tonnes per ha in 2016; however, from 2017 to , the yield failed to regain momentum. Despite the increased use of modern agricultural techniques and methods, future yield figures may still be impacted by adverse weather conditions.
In , the harvested area of grapefruits in the European Union was estimated at ha, increasing by % on . The harvested area increased at an average annual rate of +% from 2007 to ; the trend pattern remained consistent, with somewhat noticeable fluctuations throughout the analyzed period. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2008 when the harvested area increased by % against the previous year. The level of harvested area peaked in and is expected to retain growth in years to come.
The value of the grapefruit market in the European Union reduced to $ in , with a decrease of -% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers' margins, which will be included in the final consumer price). Over the period under review, consumption showed a relatively flat trend pattern. The level of consumption peaked at $ in , and then contracted in the following year.
From 2007 to , the most notable rate of growth in terms of consumption, amongst the main consuming countries, was attained by Bulgaria (with a CAGR of +%), while consumption for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.
In value terms, the largest grapefruit markets in the European Union were the Netherlands ($), France ($) and Germany ($), together comprising % of the total market. Poland, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Bulgaria, Slovakia, the Czech Republic and Cyprus lagged somewhat behind, together comprising a further %.
Among the main consuming countries, Bulgaria, with a CAGR of +%, recorded the highest rates of growth with regard to market size, over the period under review, while market for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.
The countries with the highest levels of grapefruit per capita consumption in were Cyprus ( kg per person), the Netherlands ( kg per person) and Bulgaria ( kg per person).
From 2007 to , the most notable rate of growth in terms of consumption, amongst the leading consuming countries, was attained by Bulgaria (with a CAGR of +%), while consumption for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.