Clove Market Overview in Japan
The revenue of the clove market in Japan stood at $ in 2019, picking up by % against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers' margins, which will be included in the final consumer price). Over the period under review, consumption, however, recorded pronounced growth. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2011 with an increase of % y-o-y. Over the period under review, the market reached the peak level at $ in 2014; however, from 2015 to 2019, consumption failed to regain the momentum.