Barley Market Overview in Iran
In value terms, barley production surged to $ in estimated in export prices. In general, production continues to indicate prominent growth. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2011 with an increase of % y-o-y. Over the period under review, production reached the peak level at $ in 2012; however, from 2013 to , production failed to regain the momentum.
In , the average yield of barley in Iran reduced modestly to tonnes per ha, approximately reflecting 2019 figures. Over the period under review, the yield saw a mild contraction. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2010 with an increase of % y-o-y. The barley yield peaked at tonnes per ha in 2016; however, from 2017 to , the yield stood at a somewhat lower figure. Despite the increased use of modern agricultural techniques and methods, future yield figures may still be impacted by adverse weather conditions.
In , approx. ha of barley were harvested in Iran; with an increase of % compared with 2019 figures. The harvested area increased at an average annual rate of +% over the period from 2007 to ; however, the trend pattern indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2019 with an increase of % y-o-y. Over the period under review, the harvested area dedicated to barley production attained the maximum in and is expected to retain growth in the immediate term.
The value of the barley market in Iran stood at $ in , with an increase of % against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers' margins, which will be included in the final consumer price). Over the period under review, consumption recorded a resilient increase. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2012 with an increase of % y-o-y. As a result, consumption attained the peak level of $. from 2013 to , the growth of the market failed to regain the momentum.