Metal Chain Market in Venezuela
The revenue of the metal chain market in Venezuela expanded sharply to $ in , surging by % against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers' margins, which will be included in the final consumer price). In general, consumption saw a significant contraction. Metal chain consumption peaked at $ in 2007; however, from 2008 to , consumption failed to regain momentum.